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On the variability of EMIC waves and the consequences for the relativistic electron radiation belt population

1 December, 2021 by Johnathan Ross, Nigel Meredith, Richard Horne, Sarah Glauert

The interactions between electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves and relativistic electrons are influential in diffusing radiation belt electrons into the loss code from which the electrons are lost into the…

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Historical biogeography of the Gondwanan freshwater genus Boeckella (Crustacea): Timing and modes of speciation in the Southern Hemisphere

1 December, 2021 by Elisabeth Biersma, Jennifer Jackson, Peter Convey

We investigated evolutionary relationships and biogeographical patterns within the genus Boeckella to evaluate (1) whether its current widespread distribution in the Southern Hemisphere is due to recent long-distance dispersal or…

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Foraging conditions for breeding penguins improve with distance from colony and progression of the breeding season at the South Orkney Islands

1 December, 2021 by Phil Trathan, Victoria Warwick-Evans

According to central place foraging theory, animals will only increase the distance of their foraging trips if more distant prey patches offer better foraging opportunities. Thus, theory predicts that breeding…

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Chapter 17: The future? Big questions about feedbacks between Anthropogenic change in the cryosphere and atmospheric chemistry

1 December, 2021 by Markus Frey

Anthropogenically driven changes in the cryosphere (mainly climate warming, but also land-use changes and increasing industrial and transportation activities) are changing how the cryosphere interacts with the atmosphere, which is,…

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Reconstructing atmospheric circulation and sea-ice extent in the West Antarctic over the past 200 years using data assimilation

1 December, 2021 by Liz Thomas

The West Antarctic climate has witnessed large changes during the second half of the twentieth century including a strong and widespread continental warming, important regional changes in sea-ice extent and…

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