Stable-isotope records from Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica
The European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica (EPICA) includes a comprehensive pre-site survey on the inland ice plateau of Dronning Maud Land. This paper focuses on the investigation of the O-18 content of shallow firn and ice cores. These cores were dated by profiles derived from dielectric-profiling and continuous flow analysis measurements. The individual records were stacked in order to obtain composite chronologies of O-18 contents and accumulation rates with enhanced signal-to-noise variance ratios. These chronologies document variations in the last 200 and 1000 years. The O-18 contents and accumulation rates decreased in the 19th century and increased during the 20th century. Using the empirical relationships between stable isotopes, accumulation rates and the 10 in firn temperature, the variation of both parameters can be explained by the same temperature history. But other causes for these variations, such as the build-up of the snow cover, cannot be excluded. A marked feature of the 1000 year chronology occurs during the period AD 1180-1530 when the O-18 contents remains below the long-term mean. Cross-correlation analyses between five cores from the Weddell Sea region and Dronning Maud Land show that O-18 records can in some periods be positively correlated and in others negatively correlated, indicating a complex climatic history in time and space.
Authors: Graf, Wolfgang, Oerter, Hans, Reinwarth, Oskar, Stichler, Willibald, Wilhelms, Frank, Miller, Heinz, Mulvaney, Robert