Minimal influence of water and nutrient content on the bacterial community composition of a maritime Antarctic soil

Bacterial community composition was determined by culture-independent PCR-based methods in two soils differing markedly in their water, C, N and P contents sampled from Mars Oasis on Alexander Island, western Antarctic Peninsula. 16S rRNA sequences of the phyla Actinobacteria, Cyanobacteria, alpha-Proteobacteria and Acidobacteria were commonly (>8% frequency) obtained from soil. Those of beta-, gamma- and delta-Proteobacteria, Chloroflexi, Bacteroidetes, Verrucomicrobia, Planctomycetes, Gemmatimonadetes and Firmicutes were less frequent. Comparisons of slopes of collector's curves and the Shannon-Weiner diversity index indicated no difference in overall bacterial diversity between the two soils, although sequences of delta-Proteobacteria and the cyanobacterial genus Leptolyngbya were more commonly derived from the soil with the higher water and nutrient content. The data suggest that different levels of soil water, C, N and P have only a minor effect on the bacterial community composition of maritime Antarctic soils.


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Authors: Newsham, Kevin K. ORCIDORCID record for Kevin K. Newsham, Pearce, David A. ORCIDORCID record for David A. Pearce, Bridge, Paul D.

On this site: David Pearce, Kevin Newsham
1 January, 2010
Microbiological Research / 165
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