Antarctica organisms live in the coldest and driest conditions in the world, and only the hardiest organisms can survive there. Low temperatures and lack of moisture limits the release of nutrients through rock weathering and processes of soil development. Some primary production occurs in the ice free zones, mostly by various types of bacteria, algae, lichens, and mosses.


Methane Observations and Yearly Assessments

Methane is one of the most important greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, and changes in its concentration could have major influences on the Earth’s climate. Measurements made around the world …




































Antarctica’s hidden lakes

1 January, 2008

Lakes that lie beneath Antarctica’s vast ice sheets may hold clues to the Earth’s past climate and evolution of life — how do we know? Since the 1970’s scientists have …






























Fungi respire millennium-old carbon from Antarctic soil

30 May, 2018

Fungi in Antarctic soils release carbon that is more than a thousand years old, a team led by scientists at the British Antarctic Survey (BAS) has found. This discovery sheds light on how carbon is released into the atmosphere as polar regions warm.


Study of roundworm that returns to life after freezing

20 January, 2017

The first molecular study of an organism able to survive intracellular freezing (freezing within its cells) is published this week by British Antarctic Survey (BAS), in collaboration with researchers from …


PRESS RELEASE: Lake drill mission called off

27 December, 2012

Antarctic lake mission called off In the early hours of Christmas Day (Tuesday 25 December 2012) Professor Martin Siegert, Principal Investigator of the Subglacial Lake Ellsworth experiment, confirmed that the …


PRESS RELEASE: British team to explore buried lake

12 December, 2012

British team set to access and sample one of the last unexplored environments on Earth This week (12 December) a British team of scientists and engineers, including scientists from British …