Chaotic dynamics of a glaciohydraulic model

A model subglacial drainage system, coupled to an ice-dammed reservoir that receives a time-varying meltwater input, is described and analysed. In numerical experiments an ice-marginal lake drains through a subglacial channel, producing periodic floods, and fills with meltwater at a rate dependent on air temperature, which varies seasonally with a peak value of Tm. The analysis reveals regions of Tm parameter space corresponding to ‘mode locking’, where flood repeat time is independent of Tm; resonance, where decreasing Tm counter-intuitively increases flood size; and chaotic dynamics, where flood cycles are sensitive to initial conditions, never repeat and exhibit phase-space mixing. Bifurcations associated with abrupt changes in flood size and timing within the year separate these regions. This is the first time these complex dynamics have been displayed by a glaciohydraulic model and these findings have implications for our understanding of ice-marginal lakes, moulins and subglacial lakes.

Details

Publication status:
Published
Author(s):
Authors: Kingslake, J.

On this site: Jonathan Kingslake
Date:
1 June, 2015
Journal/Source:
Journal of Glaciology / 61
Page(s):
493-502
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
https://doi.org/10.3189/2015JoG14J208