The nocturnal intermediate layer over South Georgia : solar and magnetic influence on occurrence

Ionograms from South Georgia (54°S, 37°W; L = 1.9) are used to investigate the influence of magnetic and solar activity upon the occurrence of the nocturnal intermediate layer. The diurnal variation in occurrence of this layer exhibits a peak at about 2000 LT and a subsidiary peak after midnight. It is shown that magnetic activity has no significant influence on the behaviour before midnight, but is positively correlated with the size of the post-midnight peak. The effect of varying solar activity is to introduce a local time shift (42 min for a change in mean solar activity from 80 to 130× 10−22 Wm−2Hz−1)inthediurnal variation without otherwise changing the overall morphology of the layer significantly. Most of the features of the intermediate layer before midnight can be explained by a wind shear mechanism associated with the solar semi-diurnal tide. Some possible causes for the post-midnight observations are considered, but no firm conclusions can be made.


Publication status:
Authors: Broom, S.M, Rodger, Alan S.

1 January, 1982
Journal of Atmospheric and Terrestrial Physics / 44
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