Studies of the substorm on March 12, 1991: 1. Structure of substorm activity and auroral ions
The substorm on March 12, 1991 is studied using the data of ground-based network of magnetometers, all-sky cameras and TV recordings of aurora, and measurements of particle fluxes and magnetic field onboard a satellite in the equatorial plane. The structure of substorm activity and the dynamics of auroral ions of the central plasma sheet (CPS) and energetic quasi-trapped ions related to the substorm are considered in the first part. It is shown that several sharp changes in the fluxes and pitch-angle distribution of the ions which form the substorm ion injection precede a dipolarization of the magnetic field and increases of energetic electrons, and coincide with the activation of aurora registered 20 degrees eastward from the satellite. A conclusion is drawn about different mechanisms of the substorm acceleration (injection) of electrons and ions.
Authors: Lazutin, L.L., Kozelova, T.V., Meredith, N.P. ORCID record for N.P. Meredith, Danielides, M., Kozelov, B.V., Jussila, J., Korth, A.