High-resolution surface fluxes over the global ocean are needed to evaluate coupled atmosphere–ocean models and weather forecasting models, provide surface forcing for ocean models, understand the regional and temporal variations of the exchange of heat between the atmosphere and ocean, and provide a large-scale context for field experiments. Under the auspices of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX) Radiation Panel, the SEAFLUX Project has been initiated to investigate producing a high-resolution satellite-based dataset of surface turbulent fluxes over the global oceans to complement the existing products for surface radiation fluxes and precipitation. The SEAFLUX Project includes the following elements: a library of in situ data, with collocated satellite data to be used in the evaluation and improvement of global flux products; organized intercom-parison projects, to evaluate and improve bulk flux models and determination from the satellite of the input parameters; and coordinated evaluation of the flux products in the context of applications, such as forcing ocean models and evaluation of coupled atmosphere–ocean models. The objective of this paper is to present an overview of the status of global ocean surface flux products, the methodology being used by SEAFLUX, and the prospects for improvement of satellite-derived flux products.
Authors: Curry, J.A., Bentamy, A., Bourassa, M.A., Bourras, D., Bradley, E.F., Brunke, M., Castro, S., Chou, S.H., Clayson, C.A., Emery, W.J., Eymard, L., Fairall, C.W., Kubota, M., Lin, B., Perrie, W., Reeder, R.A., Renfrew, I.A., Rossow, W.B., Schulz, J., Smith, S.R., Webster, P.J., Wick, G.A., Zeng, X
1 January, 2004
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society / 85