Review of Satellite Remote Sensing and Unoccupied Aircraft Systems for Counting Wildlife on Land

Although many medium-to-large terrestrial vertebrates are still counted by ground or aerial surveys, remote-sensing technologies and image analysis have developed rapidly in recent decades, offering improved accuracy and repeatability, lower costs, speed, expanded spatial coverage and increased potential for public involvement. This review provides an introduction for wildlife biologists and managers relatively new to the field on how to implement remote-sensing techniques (satellite and unoccupied aircraft systems) for counting large vertebrates on land, including marine predators that return to land to breed, haul out or roost, to encourage wider application of these technological solutions. We outline the entire process, including the selection of the most appropriate technology, indicative costs, procedures for image acquisition and processing, observer training and annotation, automation, and citizen science campaigns. The review considers both the potential and the challenges associated with different approaches to remote surveys of vertebrates and outlines promising avenues for future research and method development.


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Authors: Attard, Marie R.G. ORCIDORCID record for Marie R.G. Attard, Phillips, Richard A., Bowler, Ellen, Clarke, Penny J. ORCIDORCID record for Penny J. Clarke, Cubaynes, Hannah ORCIDORCID record for Hannah Cubaynes, Johnston, David W., Fretwell, Peter T. ORCIDORCID record for Peter T. Fretwell

On this site: Ellen Bowler, Hannah Cubaynes, Marie Attard, Penny Clarke, Peter Fretwell, Richard Phillips
8 February, 2024
Remote Sensing / 16
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