Recruitment of Antarctic krill Euphausia superba in the South Georgia region: adult fecundity and the fate of larvae

The high concentration of adult Antarctic krill Euphausia superba Dana around South Georgia, Antarctica, is a product of immigration and not local recruitment. We investigated whether reproduction and early larval development are the cause of local recruitment failure. It was found that the majority of adult females were reproductively active in summer and that there was a comparatively high investment in the ovary, reaching up to 46% of the total wet weight of the krill. The corresponding egg batches were amongst the largest ever reported for E. superba. A semi-empirical model predicted that 11% of females completed just 1 spawning episode per year, 60% completed 2, and 29% completed 3 or more. On average, a South Georgian krill released 12 343 eggs yr–1. The eggs were unable to complete the descent–ascent developmental cycle on-shelf because the bathymetry was too shallow but, off-shelf, they were predicted to sink to between 490 and 520 m and return to the surface either as a metanauplius or 1st calyptopis stage with plenty of energy reserves remaining. Feeding conditions were adequate for the development of later larval stages once these reserves were exhausted. Although net surveys found calyptopis and early stage furcilia in the vicinity of South Georgia, numbers were mostly lower than predicted. Overall, reproduction or early stage development are successful in this region, leaving predation on larvae and advective export during winter as the main potential causes of local recruitment failure.

Details

Publication status:
Published
Author(s):
Authors: Tarling, G.A. ORCID, Cuzin-Roudy, J., Thorpe, S.E. ORCID, Shreeve, R.S., Ward, P., Murphy, E.J. ORCID

On this site: Eugene Murphy, Geraint Tarling, Peter Ward, Sally Thorpe
Date:
1 January, 2007
Journal/Source:
Marine Ecology Progress Series / 331
Page(s):
161-179
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
https://doi.org/10.3354/meps331161