Observations of forced oscillations of the magnetosphere by a geostationary satellite and an extensive ground magnetometer array

We present results from the analysis of magnetometer measurements of one of the clearest observations of a double resonance Pc4 pulsation to date. The Pc4, with a period of 55 s, was measured by 18 ground magnetometers and also on board the ATS-6 satellite at geostationary orbit. Using a subsequent observation of a second harmonic guided poloidal mode pulsation at ATS-6, we have been able to estimate the plasma density at geostationary orbit. We then calculated periods of theoretical cavity mode resonances in the plasmatrough and the eigenperiods of different wave modes and harmonics at geostationary orbit. We developed a model of the variation of plasma density, and hence eigenperiods, within the magnetosphere which is consistent with these calculations and with the amplitude, phase and ellipticity observations made over the array of ground observatories. In this model we suggest that hydromagnetic field line resonances occur in the plasmatrough and in the plasmasphcre, which are the second and fundamental harmonic guided toroidal mode resonances, respectively. The model also allows us to evaluate the damping experienced by hydromagnetic standing waves in the magnetosphere. The damping is found to be slightly higher than that previously suggested for daytime conditions.


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Authors: Gough, H., Orr, D.

1 January, 1986
Planetary and Space Science / 34
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