Multi-colony tracking reveals spatio-temporal variation in carry-over effects between breeding success and winter movements in a pelagic seabird
Carry-over effects, whereby events in one season have consequences in subsequent seasons, have important demographic implications. Although most studies examine carry-over effects across 2 seasons in single populations, the effects may persist beyond the following season and vary across a species’ range. To assess potential carry-over effects across the annual cycle and among populations, we deployed geolocation loggers on black-legged kittiwakes Rissa tridactyla at 10 colonies in the north-east Atlantic and examined relationships between the timing and destination of migratory movements and breeding success in the year of deployment and subsequent season. Both successful and unsuccessful breeders wintered primarily in the north-west Atlantic. Breeding success affected the timing of migration, whereby unsuccessful breeders
departed the colony earlier, arrived at the post-breeding and main wintering areas sooner, and departed later the following spring. However, these patterns were only apparent in colonies in the south-west of the study region. Furthermore, the effect of breeding success was stronger on
migration timing in the first part of the winter than later. Timing of migratory movements was weakly linked to subsequent breeding success, and there was no detectable association between breeding success in the 2 seasons. Our results indicate temporal structure and spatial hetero -
geneity in the strength of seasonal interactions among kittiwakes breeding in the north-east Atlantic. Variable fitness consequences for individuals from different colonies could have important implications for population processes across the species’ range and suggest that the
spatio-temporal dynamics of carry-over effects warrant further study.
Authors: Bogdanova, Maria I., Butler, Adam, Wanless, Sarah, Moe, Børge, Anker-Nilssen, Tycho, Frederiksen, Morten, Boulinier, Thierry, Chivers, Lorraine S., Christensen-Dalsgaard, Signe, Descamps, Sébastien, Harris, Michael P., Newell, Mark, Olsen, Bergur, Phillips, Richard A., Shaw, Deryk, Steen, Harald, Strøm, Hallvard, Thórarinsson, Thorkell L., Daunt, Francis