Landscape mapping at sub-Antarctic South Georgia provides a protocol for underpinning large-scale marine protected areas

Global biodiversity is in decline, with the marine environment experiencing significant and increasing anthropogenic pressures. In response marine protected areas (MPAs) have increasingly been adopted as the flagship approach to marine conservation, many covering enormous areas. At present, however, the lack of biological sampling makes prioritising which regions of the ocean to protect, especially over large spatial scales, particularly problematic. Here we present an interdisciplinary approach to marine landscape mapping at the sub-Antarctic island of South Georgia as an effective protocol for underpinning large-scale (105–106  km2) MPA designations. We have developed a new high-resolution (100 m) digital elevation model (DEM) of the region and integrated this DEM with bathymetry-derived parameters, modelled oceanographic data, and satellite primary productivity data. These interdisciplinary datasets were used to apply an objective statistical approach to hierarchically partition and map the benthic environment into physical habitats types. We assess the potential application of physical habitat classifications as proxies for biological structuring and the application of the landscape mapping for informing on marine spatial planning

Details

Publication status:
Published
Author(s):
Authors: Hogg, Oliver, Huvenne, Veerle ORCIDORCID record for Veerle Huvenne, Griffiths, Huw ORCIDORCID record for Huw Griffiths, Dorschel, Boris, Linse, Katrin ORCIDORCID record for Katrin Linse

On this site: Huw Griffiths, Katrin Linse, Oliver Hogg
Date:
3 October, 2016
Journal/Source:
Scientific Reports / 6
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
https://doi.org/10.1038/srep33163