Improved phase-field models of melting and dissolution in multi-component flows

We develop and analyse the first second-order phase-field model to combine melting and dissolution in multi-component flows. This provides a simple and accurate way to simulate challenging phase-change problems in existing codes. Phase-field models simplify computation by describing separate regions using a smoothed phase field. The phase field eliminates the need for complicated discretizations that track the moving phase boundary. However, standard phase-field models are only first-order accurate. They often incur an error proportional to the thickness of the diffuse interface. We eliminate this dominant error by developing a general framework for asymptotic analysis of diffuse-interface methods in arbitrary geometries. With this framework, we can consistently unify previous second-order phase-field models of melting and dissolution and the volume-penalty method for fluid–solid interaction. We finally validate second-order convergence of our model in two comprehensive benchmark problems using the open-source spectral code Dedalus.


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Authors: Hester, Eric W., Couston, Louis-Alexandre ORCIDORCID record for Louis-Alexandre Couston, Favier, Benjamin, Burns, Keaton J., Vasil, Geoffrey M.

On this site: Louis-Alexandre Couston
21 October, 2020
Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences / 476
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