Lanternfish are a relatively small but very abundant fish. They live deep in the ocean’s “twilight” zone where there is not much light. A unique community of lanternfish live in the Southern Ocean, where they are a key part of the Antarctic food web. Lanternfish also play an important role in moving carbon from the atmosphere into the deep ocean, where it is stored. In this article, we explain current knowledge on Southern Ocean lanternfish, including how they produce their own light! We will also tell you about some mysteries surrounding lanternfish that scientists are yet to solve.
Authors: Belcher, Anna ORCID record for Anna Belcher, Freer, Jennifer J. ORCID record for Jennifer J. Freer, Dornan, Tracey ORCID record for Tracey Dornan, Saunders, Ryan A. ORCID record for Ryan A. Saunders