Electron acceleration in the Van Allen radiation belts by fast magnetosonic waves
Local acceleration is required to explain electron flux increases in the outer Van Allen radiation belt during magnetic storms. Here we show that fast magnetosonic waves, detected by Cluster 3, can accelerate electrons between ∼10 keV and a few MeV inside the outer radiation belt. Acceleration occurs via electron Landau resonance, and not Doppler shifted cyclotron resonance, due to wave propagation almost perpendicular to the ambient magnetic field. Using quasi-linear theory, pitch angle and energy diffusion rates are comparable to those for whistler mode chorus, suggesting that these waves are very important for local electron acceleration. Since pitch angle diffusion does not extend into the loss cone, these waves, on their own, are not important for loss to the atmosphere. We suggest that magnetosonic waves, which are generated by unstable proton ring distributions, are an important energy transfer process from the ring current to the Van Allen radiation belts.
Authors: Horne, Richard B. ORCID record for Richard B. Horne, Thorne, Richard M., Glauert, Sarah A. ORCID record for Sarah A. Glauert, Meredith, Nigel P. ORCID record for Nigel P. Meredith, Pokhotelov, Dimitry, Santolik, Ondrej