Cretaceous arc volcanism of the Antarctic Peninsula: geochronology and emplacement mechanisms
The Cretaceous marks an episode of enhanced magmatism, sedimentation and tectonic processes along the entire proto-Pacific convergent margin of West Gondwana. Cretaceous magmatism across the Antarctic Peninsula is dominated by the intrusive Lassiter Coast intrusive suite which developed as episodic ‘flare-up’ events during the mid-Cretaceous, at a time of increased convergence. Volcanic rocks of this age are poorly defined, as a consequence of limited field observations and an absence of accurate geochronology. Recent field mapping, combined with unpublished field observations has identified a region >10,000 km2 of dominantly subaerial rhyolitic pyroclastic and epiclastic successions from northern Palmer Land of the Antarctic Peninsula. Volcanic successions up to 1500 m in thickness consist of dominantly silicic ignimbrites, lavas, heterolithic breccias and lahar deposits, fed by caldera-forming eruptions. The volcanic rocks of this region were widely considered to be Early Cretaceous in age based on field relationships and early geochronology. New U-Pb zircon ages identify three distinct volcanic episodes during the Late Cretaceous/Early Cenozoic at ~108 Ma, ~93 Ma and ~64 Ma. Lu-Hf data indicate significant proportions of ancient crust in the petrogenesis of the volcanic rocks and the slightly negative εHf values are consistent with a mid-position (~120 km) within the magmatic arc, relative to more juvenile compositions close to the trench.
Authors: Riley, Teal ORCID record for Teal Riley, Flowerdew, Michael, Burton-Johnson, Alex ORCID record for Alex Burton-Johnson, Leat, Philip, Millar, Ian D., Whitehouse, Martin J.