Cloud track winds in the polar regions from sequences of AVHRR images
A new method is described for obtaining information on the high latitude upper level wind field through the production of cloud motion vectors from sequences of images from polar orbiting satellites. The vectors are produced using sets of three calibrated, 11 μm AVHRR images of the polar regions from successive orbits of the TIROS-N series satellites. Two schemes have been developed for the generation of vectors based on manual and automatic techniques coupled with manual quality control. Case studies have shown that, provided the images are accurately registered and the cloud tracers are carefully selected, useful vectors may be derived.