Cellular biomarkers to elucidate global warming effects on Antarctic sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri

Global warming is a reality and its effects have been widely studied. However, the consequences for marine invertebrates remain poorly understood. Thus, the present study proposed to evaluate the effect of elevated temperature on the innate immune system of Antarctic sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri. Sea urchins were collected nearby Brazilian Antarctic Station ‘‘Comandante Ferraz’’ and exposed to 0 (control), 2 and 4C for periods of 48 h, 2, 7 and 14 days. After the experimental periods, coelomic fluid was collected in order to perform the following analyses: coelomocytes differential counting, phagocytic response, adhesion and spreading coelomocytes assay, intranuclear iron crystalloid and ultra structural analysis of coelomocytes. The red sphere cell was considered a biomarker for heat stress, as they increased in acute stress. Besides that, a significant increase in phagocytic indexes was observed at 2C coinciding with a significant increase of intranuclear iron crystalloid at the same temperature and same time period. Furthermore, significant alterations in cell adhesion and spreading were observed in elevated temperatures. The ultra structural analysis of coelomocytes showed no significant difference across treatments. This was the first time that innate immune response alterations were observed in response to elevated temperature in a Polar echinoid.

Details

Publication status:
Published
Author(s):
Authors: Branco, Paola. Cristina, Pressinotti, Leandro Nogueira, Borges, João Carlos Shimada, Iunes, Renata Stecca, Kfoury Jr, José Roberto, da Silva, Marcos Oliveira, Gonzalez, Marcelo, dos Santos, Marinilce Fagundes, Peck, Lloyd, Cooper, Edwin L., da Silva, José Roberto Machado

On this site: Lloyd Peck
Date:
1 January, 2012
Journal/Source:
Polar Biology / 35
Page(s):
221-229
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-011-1063-5