Antimicrobial resistance in Antarctica: is it still a pristine environment?
Although the rapid spread of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), particularly in relation to clinical settings, is causing concern in many regions of the globe, remote, extreme environments, such as Antarctica, are thought to be relatively free from the negative impact of human activities. In fact, Antarctica is often perceived as the last pristine continent on Earth. Such remote regions, which are assumed to have very low levels of AMR due to limited human activity, represent potential model environments to understand the mechanisms and interactions underpinning the early stages of evolution, de novo development, acquisition and transmission of AMR. Antarctica, with its defined zones of human colonisation (centred around scientific research stations) and large populations of migratory birds and animals, also has great potential with regard to mapping and understanding the spread of early-stage zoonotic interactions.[...]
Authors: Hwengwere, K., Paramel Nair, H., Hughes, K.A. ORCID record for K.A. Hughes, Peck, L.S. ORCID record for L.S. Peck, Clark, M.S. ORCID record for M.S. Clark, Walker, C.A.