Pattern and process in marine biogeography: a view from the poles
This 436-page book was developed in association with the International Biogeography Society and concentrates explicitly on the fundamental change in historical biogeography, island biogeography and marine biogeography that occurred between 1975 and 2000. This period also saw the emergence of new fields, including phylogeography and macroecology, as well as applications of biogeography for conserving biological diversity. The book is divided into 5 parts and contains 18 individually-authored chapters. The text is in English. The first part of the book focuses on paleobiogeography and there are 4 chapters in this first part. Topics discussed in these first 4 chapters include Cenozoic and Mesozoic paleogeography in terms of changing terrestrial biogeographic pathways, arid lands paleobiogeography and the rodent midden record in the Americas, quartenary biogeography in terms of linking biotic responses to environmental variability across timescales, and biogeography on a dynamic earth. Phylogeography and diversification are the focus of part II and this second part contains chapters 5-7, inclusive. Topics covered in these 3 chapters include: the past and future roles of phylogeography in historical biogeography; a deep time perspective of range expansion, extinction and biogeographic congruence; reticulations in historical biogeography and the triumph of time over space in evolution. Part III of the book deals with diversity gradients and there are 4 chapters in this third part. These 4 chapters discuss: biogeographic patterns and biodiversity dynamics using metrics of diversity other than species richness; the global diversity gradient; deconstruction of biodiversity patterns; and dynamic hypotheses of richness on islands and continents. The focus of the fourth part of the book is marine biogeography and the 3 chapters in this section discuss island life, a marine center of origin and reality and conservation, a view from the poles of pattern and process in marine biogeography. The fifth and final part of the book concentrates on conservation biogeography and the 4 chapters in this section, respectively, discuss how biological invasions alter diversity patterns, GIS-based predictive biogeography in the context of conservation, applying species-area relationships to the conservation of species diversity, and finally conservation biogeography in oceanic archipelagos. All of the references used in the book are listed together towards the end of the book. The book highlights a list of the contributors and their respective institutions. This book will be of interest to paleobiologists, conservationists, marine biologists and anyone interested in biogeography and biodiversity.