The distribution and geochemical relationships of the Early Jurassic Ferrar large igneous province (LIP) are examined and it is concluded that they support the lateral flow model for the emplacement of the province, with a source along the strongly magmatic Early Jurassic Antarctica–Africa rifted margin. Published data and new analyses from the Pensacola Range are used to show that the dominant magma type in the Ferrar, the Mount Fazio chemical type (MFCT), occurs in the Theron Mountains, Shackleton Range, Whichaway Nunataks, Pensacola Mountains (all Antarctica) and South Africa, as well as well-known outcrops in Victoria Land, Antarctica, SE Australia and New Zealand. Chemical compositions are shown to be somewhat varied, but similar enough for them to be considered as representing closely related magmas. Examination of geochemical trends with distance from the interpreted magma source indicates that Mg# and MgO abundances decline with distance travelled, and it is argued that this is consistent with the lateral flow model. The Scarab Peak chemical type (SPCT), which occurs as sills in the Theron Mountains and Whichaway Nunataks, and as lavas in Victoria Land, is geochemically very homogeneous. Despite this, Mg#, MgO, Ti/Y and Ti/Zr all fall with distance from the interpreted source, consistent with fractional crystallization occurring during the lateral flow of the magmas. Flow took place in dykes or (more likely) sills. No feeder dyke swarm has been identified. The distances flowed, at least 4100 km for MFCT and 3700 km for SPCT, are the longest interpreted lateral magma flows on Earth.
Privacy & Cookies Policy
Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. These cookies do not store any personal information.
Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website.