An Antarctic molluscan biomineralisation tool-kit

The Antarctic clam Laternula elliptica lives almost permanently below 0 °C and therefore is a valuable and tractable model to study the mechanisms of biomineralisation in cold water. The present study employed a multidisciplinary approach using histology, immunohistochemistry, electron microscopy, proteomics and gene expression to investigate this process. Thirty seven proteins were identified via proteomic extraction of the nacreous shell layer, including two not previously found in nacre; a novel T-rich Mucin-like protein and a Zinc-dependent metalloprotease. In situ hybridisation of seven candidate biomineralisation genes revealed discrete spatial expression patterns within the mantle tissue, hinting at modular organisation, which is also observed in the mantle tissues of other molluscs. All seven of these biomineralisation candidates displayed evidence of multifunctionality and strong association with vesicles, which are potentially involved in shell secretion in this species.

Details

Publication status:
Published
Author(s):
Authors: Sleight, Victoria A. ORCIDORCID record for Victoria A. Sleight, Marie, Benjamin, Jackson, Daniel J., Dyrynda, Elizabeth A., Marie, Arul, Clark, Melody S. ORCIDORCID record for Melody S. Clark

On this site: Melody Clark, Victoria Sleight
Date:
1 November, 2016
Journal/Source:
Scientific Reports / 6
Page(s):
13pp
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
https://doi.org/10.1038/srep36978