Climate change drives expansion of Antarctic ice-free habitat

Antarctic terrestrial biodiversity occurs almost exclusively in ice-free areas that cover less than 1% of the continent. Climate change will alter the extent and configuration of ice-free areas, yet the distribution and severity of these effects remain unclear. Here we quantify the impact of twenty-first century climate change on ice-free areas under two Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) climate forcing scenarios using temperature-index melt modelling. Under the strongest forcing scenario, ice-free areas could expand by over 17,000 km2 by the end of the century, close to a 25% increase. Most of this expansion will occur in the Antarctic Peninsula, where a threefold increase in ice-free area could drastically change the availability and connectivity of biodiversity habitat. Isolated ice-free areas will coalesce, and while the effects on biodiversity are uncertain, we hypothesize that they could eventually lead to increasing regional-scale biotic homogenization, the extinction of less-competitive species and the spread of invasive species.

Details

Publication status:
Published
Author(s):
Authors: Lee, Jasmine R., Raymond, Ben, Bracegirdle, Thomas J., Chades, Iadine, Fuller, Richard A., Shaw, Justine D., Terauds, Aleks

On this site: Thomas Bracegirdle
Date:
6 July, 2017
Journal/Source:
Nature / 547
Page(s):
49-54
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
https://doi.org/10.1038/nature22996