Earth System Modeller
My research at BAS primarily focuses on studying the response of the Antarctic sea ice to climate variability and modelling past sea ice in the Southern Hemisphere. This work is part of the UK’s contribution to the next Coupled Model Intercomparison project (CMIP6).
My background is in quantitative environmental sciences with a focus on geophysical sciences. In November 2017 I pursued a PhD at the University of Reading (UK), Department of Meteorology. My PhD thesis studied the mechanism by which orographic gravity waves can become unstable and break in directional shear flows. To this purpose, the theoretical study of the fundamental gravity wave dynamics was combined with the modelling of atmospheric flows over orography.
Before undertaking my PhD, in the context of my Master’s thesis, I focused on studying and modelling the Planetary Boundary Layer and the sea/land breeze systems existing on the Salento peninsula (IT).
My expertise lies in setting up and running numerical models, interpreting model outputs and performing models validation against theory and/or observations. The numerical models used in my research are: the Weather and Research Forecasting Model (WRF-ARW) model, the UK Earth System Model (UKESM1) which consists of the Unified Model (UM) atmosphere, JULES land surface scheme, NEMO ocean model and the CICE sea ice model.
See the NERC-funded project “Retreat of Southern Hemisphere Sea Ice, 127 000 years BP” I am currently working on for further details.
First-author and Highlighted Publications
Turner, John ORCID record for John Turner, Guarino, Maria Vittoria ORCID record for Maria Vittoria Guarino, Arnatt, Jack, Jena, Babula, Marshall, Gareth J. ORCID record for Gareth J. Marshall, Phillips, Tony ORCID record for Tony Phillips, Bajish, C.C., Clem, Kyle, Wang, Zhaomin, Andersson, Tom, Murphy, Eugene J. ORCID record for Eugene J. Murphy, Cavanagh, Rachel ORCID record for Rachel Cavanagh. (2020) Recent decrease of summer sea ice in the Weddell Sea, Antarctica. Geophysical Research Letters, 47. 10.1029/2020GL087127
Williams, Charles J.R., Guarino, Maria Vittoria ORCID record for Maria Vittoria Guarino, Capron, Emilie, Malmierca Vallet, Irene, Singarayer, Joy S., Sime, Louise C., Lunt, Daniel J., Valdes, Paul J.. (2020) The UK contribution to CMIP6/PMIP4: mid-Holocene and Last Interglacial experiments with HadGEM3, and comparison to the pre-industrial era and proxy data. Climate of the Past Discussions. 10.5194/cp-2019-160
Kageyama, Masa, Sime, Louise C. ORCID record for Louise C. Sime, Sicard, Marie, Guarino, Maria Vittoria ORCID record for Maria Vittoria Guarino, de Vernal, Anne, Schroeder, David, Stein, Ruediger, Malmierca Vallet, Irene, Abe-Ouchi, Ayako, Bitz, Cecilia, Braconnot, Pascale, Brady, Esther, Chamberlain, Matthew A., Feltham, Danny, Guo, Chuncheng, Lohmann, Gerrit, Meissner, Katrin, Menviel, Laurie, Morozova, Polina, Nisancioglu, Kerim H., Otto-Bliesner, Bette, O'ishi, Ryouta, Sherriff-Tadano, Sam, Stroeve, Julienne, Shi, Xiaoxu, Sun, Bo, Volodin, Evgeny, Yeung, Nicholas, Zhang, Qiong, Zhang, Zhongshi, Ziehn, Tilo. (2020) A multi-model CMIP6 study of Arctic sea ice at 127ka: Sea ice data compilation and model differences. Climate of the Past Discussions. 10.5194/cp-2019-165
Otto-Bliesner, Bette, Brady, Esther, Zhao, Anni, Brierley, Chris, Axford, Yarrow, Capron, Emilie, Govin, Aline, Hoffman, Jeremy, Isaacs, Elizabeth, Kageyama, Masa, Scussolini, Paolo, Tzedakis, Polychronis C., Williams, Charlie, Wolff, Eric, Abe-Ouchi, Ayako, Braconnot, Pascale, Ramos Buarque, Silvana, Cao, Jian, de Vernal, Anne, Guarino, Maria Vittoria ORCID record for Maria Vittoria Guarino, Guo, Chuncheng, LeGrande, Allegra N., Lohmann, Gerrit, Meissner, Katrin, Menviel, Laurie, Nisancioglu, Kerim, O'ishi, Ryouta, Salas Y Melia, David, Shi, Xioaoxu, Sicard, Marie, Sime, Louise ORCID record for Louise Sime, Tomas, Robert, Volodin, Evgeny, Yeung, Nicolas, Zhang, Qiong, Zhang, Zhonghi, Zheng, Weipeng. (2020) Large-scale features of Last Interglacial climate: Results from evaluating the lig127k simulations for CMIP6-PMIP4. Climate of the Past Discussions. 10.5194/cp-2019-174
Guarino, Maria Vittoria ORCID record for Maria Vittoria Guarino, Sime, Louise ORCID record for Louise Sime, Schroeder, David, Lister, Grenville M.S., Hatcher, Rosalyn. (2020) Machine dependence and reproducibility for coupled climate simulations: the HadGEM3-GC3.1 CMIP Preindustrial simulation. Geoscientific Model Development, 13. 139-154. 10.5194/gmd-13-139-2020
Brown, Josephine R., Brierley, Chris M., An, Soon-Il, Guarino, Maria Vittoria ORCID record for Maria Vittoria Guarino, Stevenson, Samantha, Williams, Charles J.R., Zhang, Qiong, Zhao, Anni, Braconnot, Pascale, Brady, Esther C., Chandan, Deepak, D'Agostino, Roberta, Guo, Chuncheng, LeGrande, Allegra N., Lohmann, Gerrit, Morozova, Polina A., Ohgaito, Rumi, O'ishi, Ryouta, Otto-Bliesner, Bette, Peltier, Richard W., Shi, Xiaoxu, Sime, Louise ORCID record for Louise Sime, Volodin, Evgeny M., Zhang, Zhongshi, Weipeng, Zheng. (2020) Comparison of past and future simulations of ENSO in CMIP5/PMIP3 and CMIP6/PMIP4 models. Climate of the Past. 10.5194/cp-2019-155
Scussolini, Paolo, Bakker, Pepijn, Guo, Chuncheng, Stepanek, Christian, Zhang, Qiong, Braconnot, Pascale, Cao, Jian, Guarino, Maria Vittoria ORCID record for Maria Vittoria Guarino, Coumou, Dim, Prange, Matthias, Ward, Philip J., Renssen, Hans, Kageyama, Masa, Otto-Bliesner, Bette, Aerts, Jeroen C.J.H.. (2019) Agreement between reconstructed and modeled boreal precipitation of the Last Interglacial. Science Advances, 5. 10.1126/sciadv.aax7047