Multi‐Frequency SuperDARN Interferometer Calibration [Method]

The ground-based, high-frequency radars of the Super Dual Auroral Radar Network (SuperDARN) observe backscatter from ionospheric field-aligned plasma irregularities and features on the Earth's surface out to ranges of several thousand kilometers via over-the-horizon propagation of transmitted radio waves. Interferometric techniques can be applied to the received signals at the primary and secondary antenna arrays to measure the vertical angle of arrival, or elevation angle, for more accurate geolocation of SuperDARN observations. However, the calibration of SuperDARN interferometer measurements remains challenging for several reasons, including a 2π phase ambiguity when solving for the time delay correction factor needed to account for differences in the electrical path lengths between signals received at the two antenna arrays. We present a new technique using multi-frequency ionospheric and ground backscatter observations for the calibration of SuperDARN interferometer data, and demonstrate its application to both historical and recent data.


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Authors: Thomas, E.G., Shepherd, S.G., Chisham, G. ORCIDORCID record for G. Chisham

On this site: Gareth Chisham
3 July, 2024
Radio Science / 59
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