Acid sulphate alteration in a magmatic hydrothermal environment, Barton Peninsula, King George Island, Antarctica

Volcanic-hosted advanced argillic alteration on Barton Peninsula comprises an assemblage of chalcedonic silica, alunite family minerals, pyrophyllite, pyrite, native sulphur, zunyite and rutile, characteristic of an acid sulphate-type epithermal system. The minerals minamiite, (Na0.36Ca0.27K0.1□0.27)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6, and zunyite, Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl, are reported at this locality, and in Antarctica, for the first time. The WNW-striking, 1 km-long zone of alteration is hosted by early Tertiary andesitic rocks and contained in a 1.5 km-wide depression, rimmed by an arcuate ridge, probably representing a volcanic crater or small caldera structure.

Details

Publication status:
Published
Author(s):
Authors: Armstrong, Debbie C.

Date:
1 September, 1995
Journal/Source:
Mineralogical Magazine / 59
Page(s):
429-441
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
https://doi.org/10.1180/minmag.1995.059.396.05