Formaldehyde (HCHO) in air, snow and interstitial air at Concordia (East Antarctic plateau) in summer

During the 2011/12 and 2012/13 austral summers, HCHO was investigated for the first time in ambient air, snow, and interstitial air at the Concordia site, located near Dome C on the East Antarctic Plateau, by deploying an Aerolaser AL-4021 analyzer. Snow emission fluxes were estimated from vertical gradients of mixing ratios observed at 1 cm and 1 m above the snow surface as well as in interstitial air a few centimeters below the surface and in air just above the snowpack. Typical flux values range between 1 and 2 × 1012 molecules m−2 s−1 at night and 3 and 5 × 1012 molecules m−2 s−1 at noon. Shading experiments suggest that the photochemical HCHO production in the snowpack at Concordia remains negligible compared to temperature-driven air–snow exchanges. At 1 m above the snow surface, the observed mean mixing ratio of 130 pptv and its diurnal cycle characterized by a slight decrease around noon are quite well reproduced by 1-D simulations that include snow emissions and gas-phase methane oxidation chemistry. Simulations indicate that the gas-phase production from CH4 oxidation largely contributes (66%) to the observed HCHO mixing ratios. In addition, HCHO snow emissions account for ~ 30% at night and ~ 10% at noon to the observed HCHO levels.

Details

Publication status:
Published
Author(s):
Authors: Preunkert, S., Legrand, M., Frey, M., Kukui, A., Savarino, J., Gallee, H., King, M., Jourdain, B., Vicars, W., Helmig, D.

On this site: Markus Frey
Date:
17 June, 2015
Journal/Source:
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics / 15
Page(s):
6689-6705
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-15-6689-2015